SRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research, the Astronomical Institute “Anton Pannekoek” of the University of Amsterdam, and ASTRON Netherlands Institute for Radio Astronomy are organizing a 5-day conference detailing the latest developments in neutron star research. More than 45 years after the discovery of the first pulsar, neutron stars are now used as gravitational-wave detectors and astrophysical laboratories for studying the physics of ultra-high magnetic fields, gravity, and ultra-dense matter. We envisage a program highlighting the most recent results on radio (e.g. LOFAR, GBT, Arecibo) and high-energy (e.g. Fermi) searches for new pulsars as well as cutting-edge results from studies of known neutron-star systems and their surroundings. We also wish to capture the still expanding variety of neutron-star behavior, including talks on transient sources/events such as the RRATS and (giant) flares of magnetars. In addition, with LOFAR capabilities for monitoring the transient and pulsar sky becoming fully operational in 2012, it is opportune to confront the early results with those of the high-energy window.