Supernovae are a core element of modern astrophysics, providing fundamental insights into stellar evolution, the interstellar medium, astroparticle physics, nucleosynthesis and cosmology. While astronomers now routinely detect enormous number of supernovae every year at increasingly large distances, wide-field surveys and all-sky monitoring are now providing an important new element to such studies: there are a growing number of new supernovae being discovered very close to home.
Our modern understanding of supernovae in the local Universe began with Supernova 1987A, for which mid-2014 marks 10,000 days since its discovery. Since that singular event, many other supernovae have been found within tens of megaparsecs of Earth. These events have allowed detailed studies of individual sources and their environments, providing new physical insight on progenitor stars, explosion mechanisms and their aftermath.
At this conference we will explore all the rich information that nearby supernovae now provide, and will discuss ways in which the new generation of wide-field surveys can further add to this harvest. The Twitter hashtag for the conference will be #OzSN2014. Topics to be discussed will include:
- Observations and modelling of individual nearby supernovae
- Observations and constraints on supernova progenitors
- Progenitor mass loss, pre-supernova activity and supernova “imposters”
- Theories of core collapse, thermonuclear supernovae and explosion mechanisms
- Supernova 1987A at 10,000 days
- Historical supernovae, young supernova remnants and light echoes
- Wide-field surveys, automated classifications and new types of transients
- Future instruments: SKA, LSST, eROSITA